Name: Quinine

CAS Number: 130-95-0

Quinine is a pharmaceutical substance that is derived from the bark of the cinchona tree. It is a white crystalline substance with a bitter taste. Quinine possesses antimalarial properties and is primarily used in the treatment and prevention of malaria. It is known for its ability to kill the malaria parasite in the bloodstream, thereby providing relief from the symptoms of the disease.

Quinine works by interfering with the parasite’s ability to break down hemoglobin, which is vital for its survival. As a result, the parasite is unable to replicate and infect new red blood cells. In addition to its antimalarial properties, quinine also possesses antipyretic (fever-reducing) and analgesic (pain-relieving) properties.

Quinine is available in various forms, including tablets, capsules, oral solutions, and injections. The dosage and administration of quinine depend on the severity of the malaria infection and the patient’s age and weight.

Although effective ag